This past weekend one of the most important sports scientist in strength training history Prof. Dr. dr Dietmar Schmidtbleicher spoke to the YPSI for the first time. I have followed Prof. Schmidtbleicher's work for over 10 years and the fundamental concepts of my approach to strength training are based on his work in the 80s and 90s. He has published more than 450 articles in various publications and magazines between 1977 and 2015. His work on strength training and strength qualities specifically in the area of maximal strength, explosive strength and speed has had a great influence on personal trainers and strength coaches worldwide, especially in North America. He also came up with one of the most famous quotes of strength training:
" Maximum Strength is the Mother of all Strength Qualities "
Prof. Schmidtbleicher is almost 70 years old and looks back on over 45 years of working as a sports scientist, constantly assessing a multitude of high level athletes, teaching at the university, at conferences, for the IOC and other governing bodies all over the world on strength training, as well as staying sharp and on the edge of the most progressive and innovative findings in the modern era of sports science.
During the seminar he addressed many topics such as the neural and metabolic components of increasing maximal/explosive strength and hypertrophy, the value of electro muscle stimulation training, occlusion training, flossing, vibration plates and much more. His great sense of humor and his teaching abilities from working at university level for 40 years combined with his wealth of sports science knowledge made it a great day at the YPSI.
And I took away over 15 new pearls during his seminar at the YPSI. And three of them are:
1. Higher education makes athletes more successful
95% of all German World Champions and Olympic Champion have the "Abitur" which is the highest school degree in Germany and received after 13 years of school and an exam. That makes a clear point. Athletes with a high level of education have a higher chance of succeeding on a high level of sports. The assumption can be that a higher level of education is the basis to make better choice in important aspects of sports such as training approach and decision making during competition.
2. Training for strength endurance will diminish endurance
There is German research that has shown that training for strength endurance will decrease endurance due to damage of membrane of the mitochondria from oxidative stress which is a side product of stressing the lactic acid system. Prof. Schmidtbleicher presented research that has shown a 6% to 9% decrease in ATP Production in the aerobic energy system due to strength endurance training. Personally working with cyclists, triathletes and a runners I have never focused on strength endurance work for other reasons such as low maximal strength levels in this clientele, lack of muscular balance, poor posture and of course a low level of specificity of endurance strength for an endurance athlete. This makes strength endurance work as a waste of time to improve endurance. Yet, as Prof. Schmidtbleicher pointed out in this research it goes further than a waste of time, it actually has a diminishing effect on endurance. That means, training for strength endurance will make an endurance athlete slower. I repeat, training for strength endurance will make an endurance athlete slower.
3. There is no study that has ever shown that a warmup will decrease injury
A statement that many will answer with a smile is actually a very profound statement. There is zero research that has shown that warming up decreases injury. There is plenty of competition analysis though, that shows that the majority of injury happens in the later parts of the competition which automatically solidifies the first statement as in the later part of a competition the "warming up" effect is sufficiently achieved. On the same topic he pointed out the high value of post-tetanic potentiation as a neural activation method to increase neurotransmitter levels at the neuromuscular junction, which has been clearly shown to increase performance in primarily explosive strength and secondarily maximum strength. This makes two strong points for everyone that believes in the necessity of "warming" up the body to prevent injury, science shows this is clearly not the case. Second, this highlights the effect of activating the nervous system through strength training to maximize the performance output in terms of explosive strength.
I had the pleasure to talk to Prof. Schmidtbleicher before the seminar and over lunch where he had some great stories, from assessing athletes like the first United German Bobsled Team in 1991 and their severe differences in Max Strength and Explosive Strength levels between East German and West German Bobsled athletes as well as their training methodologies at the time, to teaching Olympic Trainers for the IOC in exotic places like Uganda, Nepal and Katmandu. He has a wealth of knowledge and experience in sports science that many more trainers should learn from.
And therefore I am happy to host Prof. Schmidtbleicher a second time at the YPSI this year, this time in English, for the YPSI Strengthtraining & Sports Science Seminar with Prof. Dr. dr Dietmar Schmidtbleicher on July 10th 2019.
Picture: Prof.Dr. dr Dietmar Schmidtbleicher speaking at the YPSI in march 2019.